Weights can vary considerably depending on the method used to measure. The values here are calculated according to the Dip & sweep (also called scoop & level) method, where we dip the cup or measuring spoon into the flour to scoop it up and then without shaking or tapping sweep of the excess with the back of a knife or a spatula to level it.
Note: Since the volume measurement of an ingredient depends on how you pack the measuring cup/spoon and on the ingredient itself (how it is cut, its density, its water content), the volume-to-weight conversions are not absolute.
Volume – Cup, Tablespoon (tbsp/ cuillérée à soupe (cs) in French) and Teaspoon (tsp/ cuillérée à café (cc) in French) to Millilitres (ml) and to Fluid Ounces (fl. oz)
|Cup||Tbsp||Tsp||ml||Imperial fl. oz||U.S. fl. oz||US quart|
|3/4||12 1/2||37 1/2||187.5||6.6||6.34|
|1/3||5 1/2||16 2/3||83.3||2.9||2.82|
Weight – Ounces (Oz) and Pounds (Lb) to Grams (g) & Kilograms (Kg) *
* Kilograms are rounded to the nearest 50 grams and grams to the nearest 5 grams.
Temperature – Fahrenheit (°F) to Celsius (°C) to Gas Mark*
|Fahrenheit (°F)||Celsius (°C)||Gas Mark||Descriptive|
|225||110||1/4||Very Slow/Very Low|
|250||120||1/2||Very Slow/Very Low|
*Gas Mark is a temperature scale used on gas ovens and cookers in Great Britain, Ireland and some Commonwealth countries.
Flours – cups & tbsp to grams
|Cup||Tbsp||Semolina||All-purpose flour||Whole wheat flour / cornstarch||Almond flour/ hazelnut flour (blanched)*||Pistachio flour (blanched)|
Sugars – cups & tbsp to grams
|Cup||Tbsp||Confectioner’s (powdered) sugar /icing sugar||Granulated sugar/ packed light brown sugar||Brown sugar|
Powder – tbsp & tsp to grams
|Tbsp||Tsp||Matcha||Cinnamon/ Ginger/ Allspice (ground)||Baking powder/ Gelatin (powdered)/ Instant yeast||Salt, coarse||Baking soda||Fine sea salt|
Gelatin sheets vs gelatin powder
|Knox powdered gelatin envelope (US)||(Europe) envelope||Grams||oz||1-gram sheets||1.66-gram sheets||2-gram sheets|
Note: for 1 litre of liquid (500 ml boiled + 500 ml cold) use 12 sheets of gelatine or 2 sachets equivalent to 2 tablespoons (20 grams) gelatine powder.
Grains – cups & tbsp to grams
|Cup||Tbsp||Cornmeal/ Couscous||Dried beans/ Pearl tapioca/ Buckwheat groats/ Rice, basmati||Bulgur/ Chickpeas (dried, raw)/ Quinoa/ Rice, short-grain||Lentils||Chickpeas (cooked)|
Grains – cups & tbsp to grams
|Cup||Tbsp||Puffed rice||Old fashioned rolled oats||Coconut flour||Polenta|
Liquids – cups, tbsp & tsp to grams
|Cup||Tbsp||Tsp||Coconut oil||Vegetable oil/ Olive oil||Honey/ maple syrup/ molasses|
Dairy – cups & tbsp to grams
|Cup||Tbsp||Tsp||Parmesan cheese, grated||Strained (Greek-style) yogurt||Milk/ Light cream/ heavy cream||Ricotta|
Butter (cup, stick, pound, ounce, gram)*
* Ounces are rounded to the nearest 0.1 ounce and grams to the nearest 5 grams.
Nuts – whole – cups & tbsp to grams
|Cup||Tbsp||Macadamia nuts, shelled||Cashews, shelled / Chestnuts, shelled, cooked hazelnut (whole blanched)||Pistachio (whole blanched)||Almonds, shelled|
Nuts – pieces – cups & tbsp to grams
|Cup||Tbsp||Almond/ hazelnut/ pistachio – sliced||Walnut shelled halves||Unsweetened shredded dried coconut|
Nuts – butter – cups & tbsp to grams
|Cup||Tbsp||Almond butter/ Black sesame butter||Tahini (sesame butter)|
Seeds – cups & tbsp to grams
|Cup||Tbsp||Sesame seeds/ flax seeds/ poppy seeds||Pine nut/ sunflower seeds||Pumpkin seeds|
Chocolate – cups & tbsp to grams
|Cup||Tbsp||Chocolate, grated||Cocoa powder/ Cacao nibs/ Chocolate, roughly chopped||Chocolate chips|
Fruits – cups to grams
|Cup||Tbsp||Raspberry/ strawberry||Blueberries||Sour cherry/ Pomegranate seeds||Blackberry/ Raisins||Red currant|
Vegetables – cups & tbsp to grams
|Cup||Tbsp||Baby spinach leaves||Cauliflower florets||Carrots, grated (loosely packed)||Fava beans, shelled/ Shallots or onions, finely chopped||Green peas, shelled||Tomato paste|
Herbs – cups & tbsp to grams
|Cup||Tbsp||Basil (packed)/ Parsley, loosely packed||Parsley, finely chopped|
|1 large egg (in the shell)||62-71|
|1 large egg (without shell)||54||1.9|
|1 large egg yolk||1||20||0.7|
|1 large egg white||2||35||1.23|
Yeast substitution (fresh to active dry to instant)
|Fresh yeast||Instant (Fast rising) yeast||Active dry yeast|
|100g (3.5oz)||33g (1.16 oz)||41g (1.45 oz)|
|21g (0.74 oz)
1 1/4 blocks (0.6-oz size)
|7g (1/4 oz)
2 1/4 tsp
|8.7g (0.3 oz)
1 1/4 package
|17g (0.6 oz)
1 block (0.6-oz size)
|6g (0.2 oz)
1 2/3 tsp
|7 g (0.25 oz)
|8.5g (0.3 oz)
1/2 block (0.6-oz size)
|3.1 g (0.1 oz)
|3.77g (0.12 oz)
1 1/3 tsp
| 5.7g (0.2 oz)
1/3 block (0.6-ounce size)
| 2.33g (0.08 oz)
| 3.5g (0.1 oz)
Other – cups & tbsp to grams
|Cup||Tbsp||Baby shrimp, shelled, cooked/ Dried bread crumbs||Capers||Olives|
If you need the conversion information for an ingredient that is not here, please ask in the comments below — I continue to update this list regularly.
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