Soft and Brined
Brined cheese, also sometimes referred to as pickled cheese is matured in a solution of brine (a high-concentration solution of salt in water) in an airtight or semi-permeable container. This process gives the cheese good stability, inhibiting bacterial growth even in hot countries.
Brined cheeses may be soft or hard, varying in moisture content and in colour and flavour, according to the type of milk used; though all will be rindless, and generally taste clean, salty and acidic when fresh, developing some piquancy when aged, and most will be white.
Brined cheese is the main type of cheese produced and eaten in the Middle East and Mediterranean areas.
Feta (means slice in Greek) is undoubtedly one of the most famous Greek cheeses and is thought to be one of the first cheeses ever made. Affectionately called ‘the princess of cheeses’. True feta cheese is a brined curd white cheese made from sheep’s milk or from a mixture of sheep and goat’s milk (the latter should not exceed 30%), but and in more recent times you can find “feta-style” cheeses — most of which are produced outside of Greece – made from cow’s milk in many stores.
It is traditionally produced with non-pasteurized milk, although nowadays the use of pasteurized milk is also allowed.
Its maximum moisture is 56%, its minimum fat content in dry matter is 43%, and its pH usually ranges from 4.4 to 4.6. Feta is traditionally categorized into firm and soft varieties. The firm variety is tangier and considered higher in quality. The soft variety is almost soft enough to be spreadable, mostly used in pies and sold at a cheaper price.
According to the relevant EU legislation, only those cheeses produced in a traditional way in particular areas of Greece, which are made from sheep’s milk, or from a mixture of sheep’s and up to 30% of goat’s milk from the same area, can be called feta. However, similar white, brined cheeses (often called “white cheese” in various languages) are made traditionally in the Eastern Mediterranean and around the Black Sea and more recently elsewhere, often partly or wholly of cow’s milk, and they are sometimes also called feta. Feta is made in many other countries (such as France, Romania, Israel) and each style has its own unique characteristics.
Feta is made in large square or triangle-shaped molds and preserved in wooden barrels or tin containers filled with brine in order to keep the cheese fresh and to preserve its acidity. Upon maturation of 2 months, feta is sold in blocks submerged in the brine.
Feta is Greece’s favourite cheese, accounting for more than two-thirds of the country’s cheese consumption.
Characteristics & Tasting Notes
Feta is a soft brined white cheese with small or no holes, a compact touch, few cuts, and no skin. It is usually formed into large blocks, which are submerged in brine. It is a crumbly aged cheese with a slightly grainy texture.
This white, rindless cheese contains 7% salt, making it one of the saltiest cheeses. The flavour of feta can be described as very intense and fresh.
Slicing feta produces some amount of trímma, “crumble”, which is also used for pies (not being saleable, trímma is usually given away for free upon request).
Brine-cured feta is tangy and assertive in its saltiness, ranging from mild to sharp. It should have a foundation of creamy and nutty flavours to back up its salt.
High-quality feta should have a creamy texture when sampled, and aromas of ewe’s milk, butter, and yogourt. In the mouth it is tangy, slightly salty, and mildly sour, with a spicy finish that recalls pepper and ginger, as well as a hint of sweetness.
The firmness, texture and flavour differ from region to region, but in general, cheese from Macedonia and Thrace is mild, softer and creamier, less salty with fewer holes. Feta made in Thessaly and Central Greece has a more intense, robust flavour. Peloponnese feta is dryer in texture, full flavoured and more open. Local environment, animal breeds, cultures all have an impact on the texture, flavour and aroma of feta.
On the whole, Feta is a pickled curd cheese that has a salty and tangy taste enhanced by the brine solution. The texture depends on the age which can be extremely creamy, or crumbly dry.
Serving Suggestions & Food Pairings
Although it’s most commonly consumed as it is, Feta is used as a table cheese, It is often served on cheese platters, sliced very thinly, or crumbled over salads (e.g. the Greek salad horiatiki), pizza, pastas, vegetable dishes and pastries. Most notable is its use in the popular phyllo-based dishes spanakopita (“spinach pie”) and tyropita (“cheese pie”), or served with some olive oil or olives and sprinkled with aromatic herbs such as oregano. It can also be served cooked or grilled, as part of a sandwich, in omelettes, or as a salty alternative to other cheeses in a variety of dishes. Feta is a very versatile cheese that can be tossed in warm pasta, added to appetizers.
It tastes delicious with olive oil, roasted red peppers, nuts and Avocado toast. If required, it can be washed under water to remove the extra saltiness.
It can be also served with traditional Greek dishes such as:
- Ajapsandali is a popular Georgian stew consisting of eggplants, potatoes, tomatoes, onions, bell peppers, and seasonings such as bay leaves, garlic, coriander, black pepper, and salt. For an interesting twist, try serving Ajapsandali cold with crumbled feta and chunks of bread.
- Paximadi, a twice-baked rusk that is traditionally made with barley
- Sofegada, a hearty vegetable stew that can be made with any seasonal vegetables. The dish is enjoyed as a main course and is usually accompanied by crusty bread on the side. Feta or myzithra cheese can be served on the side or crumbled on top of the dish.
If you want a bright red wine that will match feta’s saltiness. Beaujolais (or a light Greek wine) is the answer.
The salty flavour of Feta also pairs well with beer, Pinot Noir, Sauvignon Blanc and Zinfandel.
If you don’t have feta cheese you can substitute:
- Ricotta Salata
Although feta cheese isn’t predominantly a goat cheese, some goat cheeses can be similar in appearance or texture to feta. For instance, Bryndza, a sheep or goat cheese common in Russia and Slovakia, is similar in taste and consistency. Some recipes recommend goat cheese as an alternative to feta cheese for cooks who can’t lay their hands on the real thing.
|Best wine pairing||White Wine: Assyrtiko, Mantinia, Patras, Retsina, Riesling, Alsace Riesling, Chardonnay, Muscat, Muscat of Samos, Sauvignon Blanc/Fume Blanc, Pinot Gris/Pinot Grigio, Alsace Gewurztraminer, Chenin Blanc Demi Sec
Red Wine: Beaujolais, Pinot Noir, Zinfandel, Naoussa Xinomavro, Merlot, Brunello di montalcino, Burgundy, Gamay
Sparkling Wine: Champagne
|Pair with||Pine nuts, watermelon, Fruity Greek Olive Mix, Eliá Kalamatas, Kalamata olive oil, roasted red peppers, nuts and Avocado toast or olives and sprinkled with aromatic herbs such as oregano|
|Type||Fresh, soft, brined|
|Texture||Creamy, crumbly, grainy and open|
|Flavour||Full-flavoured, very intense, fresh, salty, tangy|
|Source of milk||Sheep milk or a mixture of Sheep (≥70%) and goat per PDO (Protected designation of origin); similar cheeses may contain cow or buffalo milk.|
|Aging time||Min. 3 months|
|Country of origin||Greece|
Note: I get really excited about cheese and wine, so it’s difficult for me to be brief when there is so much wonderful information to share!
- A Complete Guide to Plan an Unforgettable Wine & Cheese Party
- The cheese
- ***Soft Cheese – Fresh – Cow’s milk cheese
- ***Soft Cheese – Fresh – Goat’s milk cheese
- ***Stretched Curd and Brined
- ***Soft and Brined
- ***Soft-ripened and Bloomy-rind – Cow’s milk cheese
- ***Soft Ripened and Bloomy-rind – Cow’s milk cheese – Double/Triple-crème cheeses
- ***Soft-ripened and Bloomy-rind – Goat’s milk cheese
- ***Semi-soft and Brined
- ***Semi-soft – Mild Cow’s milk cheese
- ***Semi-soft – Mild Sheep’s milk
- ***Semi-soft – Swiss or Swiss style
- ***Washed Rind (soft or semi-soft/Semi-hard Cheese/Medium-aged Cheeses)
- ***Aged – Cow’s milk cheese
- ***Hard – sheep’s milk cheese
- ***Hard – Grana
- ***Blue cheeses
- What to serve with the cheese and wine?
- Cheese and Wine Pairing
- ***Classic Cheese and Wine Pairing Chart
- ***Classic Wine and Cheese Pairing – Sparkling Wine
- ***Classic Wine and Cheese Pairing – White Wine
- ***Classic Wine and Cheese Pairing – White Wine
- ***Classic Wine and Cheese Pairing – Rosé Wine
- ***Classic Wine and Cheese Pairing – Red Wine
- ***Classic Wine and Cheese Pairing – Dessert Wine
- Non-alcoholic alternatives
- How much to buy?
- How to set the table?
- Chronogram & Preparation
***In Development, please keep checking.
Reference: Content and images based on information from: https://www.wikipedia.org/ https://cheese.com https://www.cookipedia.co.uk
https://culturecheesemag.com https://www.gourmetsleuth.com https://winefolly.com/ https://www.tasteatlas.com https://www.wine.com/ https://winemonger.com https://www.terroir-france.com/
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