What are the basic ingredients to make bread?

What are the basic ingredients to make bread?


The basic ingredients to make bread are like instruments in an orchestra; each one does a specific job and gives a unique flavour to the bread. The right amount of each ingredient is essential to get the best taste. When you bake bread, a reaction happens to make a final masterpiece.

Excellent bread is as good as the ingredients that go into it. The basics for bread are simple: liquid like water or milk, fat like butter or oil, flour, sugar, salt, and yeast.

Use only the freshest proper ingredients.


What is the standard ratio of the ingredients?

For each cup of flour:

  • Approximately 3/8 cup liquid
  • 1/2 tablespoon fat
  • 1/2 teaspoon of salt
  • 1/2 tablespoon sugar or other sweeteners
  • 3/4 teaspoon of active dry yeast



When you mix liquids with the proteins in flour, they form something called gluten, which is needed when the dough rises. Most recipes use water and milk or water and dry milk mix, but you can also use other liquids like water, fruit juice or beer.
Remember to reduce the amount of liquid you add if you’re also adding moist ingredients like eggs, cottage cheese, mashed potatoes, fruits or vegetables.
Use lukewarm liquids, about 27-32°C/80-90°F. Click here for more information on liquid temperature.

It’s a delicate balance:
It’s important to balance the amount of liquid used when making bread.
If you use too much liquid, the bread may not bake properly and fall.
If you use too little liquid, the bread won’t rise.
The softer dough will produce moister, higher-rising bread, while a drier dough will produce a denser loaf.
Remember, the drier the dough, the longer it will take for the bread to rise.



Fat is essential when baking bread. It coats the gluten made during kneading, which improves flavour, feel, taste, shape, and shelf-life. It also helps in moisture retention and acts as the tenderizer making the bread soft and fine-grained.



You might think all flours are the same if you’ve never made bread. But they’re not.

Sugar and other sweeteners


Sugar feeds the yeast that makes the bread grow and improves the flavour. Salt and sugar define the bread’s moisture content, taste and texture. Whether or not you like the bread depends on the amount of salt and sugar added. They help keep the bread fresh longer because they attract moisture.


Salt is important when making bread. It helps control yeast growth, which stops the bread from growing too much and makes the dough stretchier, resulting in a better texture. Without salt, bread can rise too quickly and then collapse while baking. However, salt can also stop the bread from rising, so use the correct amount.

Yeast leavenings

Yeast is the cornerstone of any leaved-bread baking. It defines how the dough will grow and the overall quality of the bread. If you don’t have it, your bread cannot rise. It is essential to use the kind of yeast the recipe asks for.

Bread additional ingredients - Other excellent additions to have on hand

bread’s additional ingredients

Bread can taste better using additional ingredients, different grains and flours. Mixing them can give you new flavours and textures.

Bread improvers

Bread improvers

There are quite a few bread improvers that you can add to your home-baked bread, depending on what quality you are trying to improve. The best part is that they don’t require any extra investment. You’ve probably already got them in your pantry or fridge!


This article is part of “How to bake awesome bread


I hope my easy tips will give you the confidence to step into the kitchen and prepare delicious meals to eat with a handful of close friends.

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