Tips & tricks for making an authentic carbonara

Tips & tricks for making an authentic Italian pasta alla carbonara

Pasta alla carbonara is a classic Italian dish that has gained popularity worldwide. However, making a genuinely authentic carbonara can be challenging, as many recipes may include ingredients or techniques that depart from the traditional preparation. If you’re looking to bring a taste of Italy to your dinner table, a few tricks can help you create the perfect carbonara. In this guide, we’ll look closer at the essential components of a traditional carbonara, from the pasta and cheese to the rich, creamy sauce. Following a few simple tips, you can elevate your carbonara to restaurant quality, impress your dinner guests or savour a delicious meal on your own. Let’s dive in and explore the secrets to making an authentic Italian pasta alla carbonara.

Rule number 1: keep things simple to avoid some chefs’ twists on the recipe being seen as an “insult.

What is an authentic carbonara?

An authentic carbonara is a classic Italian pasta dish that originates from Rome. It is traditionally made using simple ingredients such as eggs, cheese, guanciale (cured pork cheek), black pepper, and spaghetti or fettuccine.
The pasta is cooked until al dente and drained to prepare an authentic carbonara. Meanwhile, the guanciale is sautéed in a separate pan until crispy and golden. The cooked pasta is then added to the pan with the crispy pork, and the eggs and cheese mixture is quickly tossed off the heat. This creates a creamy and rich sauce that coats the pasta.
The dish is finished with a generous amount of freshly ground black pepper and additional cheese.
Authenticity in carbonara lies in using these specific ingredients and following the traditional preparation method. It is important to note that cream, milk, onions, or garlic are not used in the traditional recipe, as it is often added in Americanized variations in non-traditional versions. The sauce should not be overly thick or heavy but coat the pasta evenly. Authentic carbonara is a simple yet delicious dish that showcases the flavours of quality ingredients and skilled technique.
Carbonara is all about technique—one wrong move and your should-be-glossy sauce will turn lumpy and nasty.

Try both, the authentic and the fake carbonara

Many purists argue that the only authentic carbonara is made with eggs, guanciale, pecorino Romano cheese, and black pepper. However, others argue that the variations of cream, bacon, or other ingredients can be just as delicious. I have both options and help you decide which version to try. Whether you’re a die-hard traditionalist or prefer a twist on a classic dish, there’s a carbonara recipe for you to enjoy.

There are countless variations on the carbonara recipe.
But if you want to call your dish a “real” Carbonara and do as the Romans do, there are a few tricks to keep in mind and some guidelines to follow.

What are the guidelines for making authentic Italian pasta alla carbonara?

Learning to make an authentic carbonara isn’t just an incredible experience – it’s a must!
The process is simple but just as important as the ingredients’ integrity.
This traditional Italian dish is made in just a few steps, but each step requires attention to detail.

Following a few fundamental guidelines is essential to make authentic Italian pasta alla carbonara and achieve the rich and creamy texture for which this dish is known.

Use the correct ingredients

The traditional classic pasta alla carbonara, typical of Rome and its surrounding Lazio region, is made with eggs, pecorino Romano cheese, guanciale (cured pork cheek), black pepper, and pasta like spaghetti or fettuccine – and, as any Italian will tell you, absolutely NO cream.
Avoid adding cream or other ingredients like onions, garlic or mushrooms, which are not traditional in this dish.

The secret to a good carbonara is more about what you don't put in it rather than what you put in it.


Choose a high-quality pasta. Traditional recipes call for long pasta shapes, such as spaghetti or fettuccine. However, you can also use other types of pasta like rigatoni, tonnarelli or bucatini. It will go well with any long-cut pasta you have on hand. They are all good!


Use Guanciale (cured pork jowl) instead of bacon or pancetta. It is the traditional choice for authentic Roman Carbonara. Guanciale gives the dish the distinctive flavour that sets it apart from other variations of carbonara. It has a rich and slightly sweet taste. It is the top ingredient. The taste, the fat, the juice of the seasoning comes from this little jewel of Italian culinary art. Guanciale is pure magic, and if you remove its golden fat, carbonara becomes flat and dull.

Can you use Pancetta if Guanciale is hard to find?

If Guanciale is not available, pancetta can be a suitable substitute. However, we cannot call it authentic anymore. It is a variation of the traditional recipe.

To make a “real” carbonara, you should always use Guanciale.
Do NOT use pancetta or bacon. Guanciale has flavour and fat; pancetta is drier.

High-quality Italian Pecorino Romano cheese

Pecorino Romano cheese

Use high-quality, finely grated Italian Pecorino Romano cheese.
Pecorino Romano is a sharp and salty cheese made from sheep’s milk. It adds a distinct and robust flavour that perfectly complements the sauce’s richness. It is recommended to use freshly grated Pecorino Romano for the best taste. Ensure it’s finely grated so it melts quickly into the sauce when added to the spaghetti. This will help it blend in with the eggs rather than become clumpy.

Using real, high-quality pecorino Romano cheese for this dish is critical.
If you’re going to indulge, why not do it right?
Trust us; this recipe is worth it.

Remember that Italian food is regional

Spaghetti carbonara traditional recipe is an Italian recipe whose origins are in Lazio. The recipe wants pecorino Romano because it’s a cheese born in Lazio, while Parmigiano Reggiano belongs to Emilia Romagna.

Do NOT use Parmesan.
Spaghetti carbonara with Parmigiano Reggiano is a 
variation of the traditional recipe.

Freshly beaten eggs

Eggs are a crucial component of carbonara sauce.
Add beaten eggs to the cooked pasta to create a creamy sauce and luscious consistency. The residual heat from the pasta will cook the eggs and create a creamy texture, resulting in a velvety sauce without heavy cream. Ensuring the eggs are thoroughly beaten to achieve a smooth and creamy sauce is important.

Use Room Temperature Eggs

This might seem nerdy, but paying attention to the temperature of your eggs will help get your sauce smooth and light. Before you start doing anything else, take your eggs out of the fridge and leave them out on the counter. 

Cold eggs can lead to clumps in your sauce.

The ratio of whole eggs to egg yolks is essential!

When creating a carbonara, the amount of eggs (both whole and yolk only) is critical to a successful creamy texture.
The egg yolks help bind the fat from the pork to the sauce, creating a smooth, creamy texture.
Just enough egg whites will give the hot pasta the ideal texture and appearance, but too much will make it curdle.
I like to use a ratio of whole eggs + egg yolk per person. Some regional recipe variations use egg yolks only, while others use whole eggs.
Here is our ratio guide to ensure the best, velvety results.

  • For a richer flavour and glossier sauce, use 1.5 egg yolk per person + 1 whole egg per 4 people (0.25 whole egg per person).
  • If you use Egg Yolks only, you’ll need 2 egg yolks per person.
  • If you are using Whole Eggs* only, you’ll need 1 whole egg per person.

*Through much reading and experimentation, I’ve concluded that you should add at least twice as much egg yolk as you’re adding egg white. For example, if you’re making carbonara sauce with 2 eggs, be sure also to add at least 4 egg yolks.

Black Pepper

Black Pepper

Freshly ground black pepper is an essential seasoning in carbonara that adds a bit of heat and enhances the overall flavour profile of the dish. Ensure you’re using cracked black pepper (not powdered). A carbonara is supposed to be quite peppery, so don’t be shy.
No spices other than black pepper are allowed. No spicy pepper. Carbonara is not from Calabrian, the southern region of Italy, famous for spicy foods.

No need to add salt

The fat that renders in the pan as you cook the Guanciale comes pre-seasoned as it drips down from salt-cured meat. The grated Pecorino Romano cheese you added to the sauce is already pretty salty. So, it may already be salty enough.
However, if you like, season with high-quality Italian sea salt flakes.


Since this dish comes together so quickly, and timing is crucial, ensure your ingredients and equipment are ready to go from the start.

Cook the pasta until it is al dente

Cook the pasta according to the package instructions until it is al dente. Don’t overcook it! If you use fresh pasta, know that it will cook quickly, and the term al dente does not apply. Adding a generous amount of salt to the boiling water for the pasta is another element of the cooking process that is often overlooked. If the water you have used to cook the pasta has no salt, the dish will not come together.

Use salt water to cook the pasta

Be sure to season the cooking water with salt, which adds flavour to the pasta. Some elements bring the dish together, and salt is at the top of that list.

Always add pasta to boiling water

You’re supposed to add the pasta to water that’s already gently boiling. Adding pasta to cold water is the most disdained practice worldwide overall.

Reserve cooking water

Cook the pasta

Drain the pasta, reserving a small amount of the cooking water, and set it aside. Use the cooking water to add starch and make the sauce creamier.
Retaining a glass of cooking water after straining the pasta is also crucial to the dish’s success, as it helps achieve creaminess.

Never rinse the pasta after cooking

The starch in the water helps the sauce adhere to your pasta. By rinsing pasta after it is cooked, you rinse off the starches needed to make the sauce stick to the noodles.

Prepare the sauce

In a separate bowl, beat the eggs until they are well combined.
Whisk the eggs together with grated pecorino Romano cheese. Season the mixture with a generous amount of freshly ground black pepper according to your taste preferences. Not adding salt to the sauce is important since the guanciale and cheese provide enough saltiness.

Sauté the Guanciale until crispy

Cut the guanciale into small, thin slices or cubes.
In a large pan or skillet, sauté the guanciale over medium heat until it becomes crispy and releases fat. It should have a golden brown colour. This will add a delicious crunch and enhance the overall texture.
Remove the cooked guanciale from the pan using a slotted spoon and set it aside, leaving the rendered fat in the pan.


Combine the pasta and sauce

Once the pasta is cooked and drained, add it to the pan with the rendered guanciale fat while still warm. Toss the pasta and fat together, ensuring the pasta gets evenly coated.
Remove the pan from the heat and pour the egg and cheese mixture over the pasta. Toss everything together vigorously, allowing the residual heat to cook the eggs and create a creamy sauce.
Mixing the pasta and sauce quickly off the heat ensures the eggs don’t scramble and develop a lumpy texture. Doing this off the heat is essential to prevent the eggs from scrambling.

Add the guanciale and cheese

Add the cooked guanciale to the pasta and toss it together.
Sprinkle the freshly grated Pecorino Romano cheese over the pasta and continue tossing until everything is well combined.

Adjust the consistency

If the sauce seems too thick, you can gradually add a small amount of the reserved pasta cooking water to loosen it up. Toss the pasta again to coat it evenly with the sauce.

Serve Immediately

Carbonara is best enjoyed immediately after preparation while it is still hot and the sauce is creamy. The pasta should be creamy and coated evenly with the sauce. The sauce tends to dry out as it cools, so enjoying carbonara while piping hot is crucial! 
Plate the pasta and garnish it with additional grated pecorino Romano cheese and freshly ground black pepper.

All of your guests should be sitting at the table, ready and awaiting its arrival.

How can I stop the sauce from drying up before serving?

To prevent the carbonara sauce from drying up before serving, you can take a few steps:

Timing is key

Time your cooking so the sauce is ready to be tossed with the pasta just before serving. Avoid cooking the sauce too far in advance, as it can continue to thicken and dry out as it sits.

Reserve pasta cooking water

Before draining the cooked pasta, set aside a cup of the starchy pasta cooking water. This water can be used to adjust the consistency of the sauce if it begins to dry up. Add small amounts of the cooking water as needed and toss the pasta to rehydrate and bring back the desired creaminess.

Keep the pasta warm

Once the pasta is cooked and drained, keep it warm by covering it with a clean kitchen towel or placing it in a warm serving dish. This will help retain some heat and prevent the sauce from cooling down too quickly, which could lead to drying.

Toss the pasta immediately before serving

Just before serving, quickly toss the cooked pasta with the prepared sauce, guanciale, and grated cheese. The residual heat from the pasta will help melt the cheese and create a creamy consistency. Serve the carbonara immediately to ensure it is enjoyed at its best.

Remember, carbonara is best served fresh, so it’s ideal to time your cooking to be enjoyed immediately.
Following these steps, you can help prevent the carbonara sauce from drying up before serving and maintain its desired creaminess.

If you’re a big fan of Italian Carbonara pasta and want to enjoy it whenever you like, you may wonder if it’s possible to make it in advance. Carbonara pasta is a popular Italian dish well-known for its creamy and savoury taste. Making Carbonara pasta in advance may seem convenient, especially when planning a party or gathering. However, there are some factors to consider before preparing the dish ahead of time, including its freshness and consistency. In this article, we explore whether it’s possible to make Carbonara pasta in advance and discuss some essential tips for storing, freezing, reheating and serving it.

Carbonara is a classic Italian dish that is loved by many for its rich, creamy texture and delicious flavour. However, it can be notoriously difficult to prepare without scrambling the eggs. If you’ve ever attempted to make carbonara and ended up with a scrambled mess, don’t worry – you’re not alone. Carbonara can easily scramble due to the heat from the pasta and guanciale, which can quickly cook the raw egg mixture and cause it to curdle. In this guide, we share tips and tricks to prevent carbonara from scrambling and help you achieve the perfect, silky texture every time you make this delicious dish.

Have you ever tried making carbonara and ended up with a goopy, soupy mess? Don’t worry, you’re not alone. Carbonara is a classic Italian pasta dish that’s simple in theory but can be tricky to perfect. It’s easy to overcook the eggs or add too much pasta water, resulting in a goopy consistency far from authentic. The ingredient list is minimal, so there is little room for error. However, you can make a perfectly creamy, delicious carbonara every time with a few simple adjustments and techniques. By exploring this dish’s common mistakes and the proper cooking techniques, we’ll teach you how to master the art of making carbonara without any goopiness.

Carbonara is a classic Italian pasta dish that is loved worldwide. It features a unique combination of eggs, Pecorino Romano cheese, and guanciale (cured pork cheek), all blended to produce an authentic, delectable taste. However, making carbonara at home can be challenging, especially with the fear of having a bland or underwhelming final product. The key to a great carbonara lies in the balance and combination of ingredients that make up the dish. Therefore, this article will explore the essential tips and tricks that will help you avoid making a bland carbonara. From selecting the right ingredients to cooking and serving the dish, we will guide you in creating a delicious carbonara worthy of any Italian restaurant.

I hope my easy tips will give you the confidence to step into the kitchen and prepare delicious meals to eat with a handful of close friends.

Have you made a Fast2eat Recipe? I love seeing your take on my recipe!

Comment below with your experience, snap a pic, use #fast2eat and tag us on
InstagramFacebookPinterest, and YouTube.

Thank you so much for reading, commenting, following and sharing.

Check out what I’ve been busy preparing for you!

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top